Court Cases of Title IX

Cohen vs. Brown- This significant court case happened in 1991 when Brown University had to budget cut across the university, including taking away funding for two man's teams and two woman's teams. Arthur Bryant, a executive director for Trial Lawyers for Public Justice, was driven to persecute institutions for sex discrimination against women. What Bryant would do was request the school to reinstate the specific team that the school cut, then he would request a pension for telling the school that they were violating Title IX. When Brown refused to do that, Bryant took the matter into court and selected the captain of one of the unfunded woman's team's, gymnastics, Amy Cohen to be the defendent. Amy Cohen ended up winning the case with Bryant with the slogan "if you build it, they will come." Meaning if they create woman's teams instead of cutting funding, more woman will play college sports.

Fortin vs. Darlington- A ten year old girl was not allowed to play on her Little League Team because because of her age and gender. Baseball the officials said is a "contact sport and girls will get hurt." Usually the 8-12 bracket is when they seperate girls from boys teams, the reason the officials give is because putting boys againest girls would hurt them because of their physical differences.

Collins vs. Day-Found that females can not be prevented form participating with males in non-contact sports like track, gymnastics, swimming and golf.

Gilpin vs. Kansas State High School Activities Association-Court held it unconstitutional to bar a girl runner from a high school cross country team when there is no girls team.

Franklin vs. Gwinnett County Public Schools-Christine Franklin was sexually harrassed by her high school economics teacher, when she reported the behavior to school officials they did nothing. The Supreme Court agreed with Frankiln and for the first time it was possible for getting monetary pension for crimes that had to do with Title IX. This is how Arthur Bryant started his buisness of persecuting colleges for cutting woman's teams.

Davis vs. Monroe County Board of Education- A little girl LaShonda Davis was haressed by one of her classmates, G.F. When her mother complained to the school officials about the harrasment that her daughter recieved in school, the officials did nothing to stop it. The case got taken to the Supreme Court and addressed the issue if school's were reliable for unwanted adolescent behavior, because the cases that the Court had looked at all looked at employees that had sexually harrassed students. Not student on student behavior. This went in favor of the Davis family and then schools started applying the rule right away.

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