Targeted People

Lawrence King
Lawrence King


Lawrence King

Lawrence King was a 15 year old boy and an 8th grader who lived in Oxnard, California and attended the junior high school there. He lived at Casa Pacifica, a group home for neglected or abused children, but it was unclear what category he belonged in. The one category his peers were sure he belonged in, was that he was gay. He was gay, and proud of it. According to some of his friends he was among the liveliest and happiest people they had ever known. He wore his high heeled boots and his makeup regularly, defining who he was and what he loved. Not even great qualities in a person can stop someone from labeling them with stereotypes.
Others did not care that he was a great person, they only cared about his sexuality. Some, like Brandon McInerny, did not believe he should be allowed to live. On the morning of February 13, 2008, King was in the computer lab with twenty four other students, when McInerny walked in with a gun and shot King in the head. Lawrence King, like many others throughout the years, was the target of an unnecessary hate crime just because of who they were.


Harvey Milk
Harvey Milk

Harvey Milk

Harvey Bernard Milk was a man who was born to be a politician. He lived in San Francisco and there was nothing standing in his way, except for his sexuality. Although others were certain this would stop him, he looked at his situation differently. Here was an opportunity to be the first openly gay man elected to office in California. The only thing now that was an obstacle, was convincing the people in the community that he could still be a great leader, despite his sexuality. In 1977, he accomplished his goal and got a seat on the San Francisco Board of Supervisors. While his time on the board lasted he helped gay rights spread and people become more open minded to minority groups as well as people who were different.
On November 27, 1978, Harvey Milk and Mayor George Mascone were murdered by a retired seat member, Dan White. White wanted his spot back and was ashamed that it was given to a homosexual. Due to the assassination, Harvey Milk's term was cut to eleven months. Even though Harvey Milk was only in a position of authority for eleven months, he had and still has a lasting impression on others. He became and icon in San Francisco and a gay flag flies for him there. After his assassination, many things were named after him in his honor. The recent released movie, Milk is a reenactment of Harvey Milk's amazing and inspirational life.

Franklin Kamenygse_multipart35886.jpg

Franklin Kameny received a Ph.D. from Harvard University and then went on to publicly challenge anti-gay policies. He was fired from his job in 1957 because he was gay and then made a case and took it to Federal courts and Army's Legal Systems. He lost his cases and then asked for a hearing in the Supreme Court. It was denied. Franklin Kameny was famous for making the slogan "Gay is Good". In 1975 gays are allowed in the government and in 1993 no federal laws forbid anti-gay discrimination.




Nabazony_at_Podium_2.5x4.75.jpgJamie Nabozny

For four years Jamie was subjected to emotional and physical abuse at school because he was gay. He was kicked so many times in the stomach that he needed surgery! School officials knew of the abuse but they said that he was gay and therefore he should expect that kind of behavior from his classmates. Jamie attempted suicide many times and dropped out of highschool and ran away. He wanted to ensure that other people didn't have to go through what he did, so he sued his highschool. This created the court case Nabozny vs. Podlesny where he sured for equal protection clause of the 14th ammendment. Lamba Legal took on the case in 1996 and the school was found guilty and closed for one million dollars.


People



Daisy

As a young boy Daisy was accused of being different. He was told that he was a queer and there was something wrong with him. He was gay, but not ashamed of it. The teachers taught that being gay was not okay and when he went to authorities with his problem, they had no interest in helping him. Daisy was beat up so many times for his sexuality, that school became scary to attend for him. When his story was told, Daisy was 17 years old. He grew up in Ohio but as he grew older, he realized he wanted to attend Harvey Milk High School in New York.
So off he went- heading to the Big Apple. Why did Daisy want to go to Harvey Milk High School? Because as he was growing up, he realized he was gay. Daisy took a big leap by leaving and was so caught up in getting out of there and starting over, he forgot to factor in where he would live and how he would survive.
When he got to New York, he had no place to stay. The only way he would be able to sleep in a bed, is if he sold himself as a male prostitute. His step father had convinced him he was unloved, but for the first time, he felt loved: sex made him feel loved. This is why he did not stop and go live on the streets. The story does not tell us whether he ever attended the high school, but he did eventually move out to San Francisco, California.
When he had been sleeping around, he became infected with HIV. San Francisco was full of support groups and he felt like this was the place for him to be. Since he was so young, some of the elders in the groups did not accept him. However, some people that knew he was HIV positive, thought that it was just typical because he was a gay man. Daisy learned to love who he was, HIV and all. He decided to embrace the life that he still had left to live and enjoy each and everyday to the fullest. Once Daisy was supported, he made it his life goal in life to educate others about being safe against HIV. Daisy is truly an inspirational teenager because being so young, with a fatal disease causing his life to be short, he still strived to make a difference in the world so that people would not have to end up in sad situations like his.


Rabbi Lisa Edwards

Lisa Edwards knew from the beginning that she was attracted to both men and women. She also knew that she wanted to be a rabbi. When she was older she ended up marrying a man. Later on, she divorced her husband to be with her love; a woman. She was now a lesbian rabbi and was afraid of no longer being accepted. She had somewhat of a hard time getting jobs that she wanted because of her sexuality. However, she felt like she wanted to be a part of a lesbian/gay/bisexual congregation. This congregation accepted her as one of the first openly lesbian rabbis. Unlike other religions, she discovered that Judaism does not consider homosexuality a bad thing. She loved to work with people who were like her and made her feel at home. Since her participation in the new temple, she would never dream of rejoining anything but the kind of community she was in now.


Mark Leduc

Mark Leduc discovered that he was attracted to men very early on in his life but he was certain it was just a phase. Leduc was a silver medalist boxer and thankfully, his sexuality did not change his teammates viewpoints on him. They knew that he was gay and no one really thought anything of it. It was not until he came out of the closet that anyone cared. He came out on national television and many people became afraid of him. Some men, sponsors and athletes, did not want to associate with him just because of his sexual orientation. However, he never once felt ashamed of who he was despite the stereotypes people threw at him. He was a boxing coach and some parents were afraid to leave their boys with him for fear he would molest them. Leduc, even though he was discriminated against, strived to be a role model for both homosexual and heterosexual people.

Leaders


Henry Gerber

Henry Gerber was thought of as being the first gay leader ever. He served in the German army from 1920-1923 and became involved in the German gay rights movements. He decided to start the American Gay Rights movement as well. He started the Society for Human Rights (SHR) group in 1924 to help start the fight for gay rights in America but the police arrested all of the SHR members because at that time being gay was a crime. Gerber was kicked out of the army and put on trial. He survived three trials before the judge ruled in his favor and then he re-enlisted and served in the army for 17 more years. Since being gay was a crime Henry Gerber then had to help the cause undercover. He wrote in gay press under pseudonym parisex and inspired many people to stand up for their rights. He also helped by supporting many gay organizations.

The Gay Rights Flag

The Gay rights flag is also know as the Gay pride flag or the Rainbow flag. The Gay pride flag was created by vexillographer Gilbert Baker. He was a friend of Harvey Milk and designed it to put a picture to there movement. It debuted in San Franciso in the Gay and Lesbian Freedom day Parade. It is now used round the world as a symbol of LBGT unity. The original Flag had 8 stripes : Pink-sexuality, Red- Life, Orange- healing, Yellow- Sunlight, Green- Nature, Turquiose- Magic, Indigo/blue- serenity, and Violet- Spirit. Some flags also have black stripes that represent those lost to AIDs. The flag has different variations all over the world but it is a symbol of Gay pride. The LBGT flag was also used in the Peace Movement and the Cooperation Movement.


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